Web Resources

There is an awful lot of material out there on the web about archaeology. So we’ve put together a webliography for you! From the prehistory of Britain and Europe to Ancient Egypt to the Maya, and quite frankly some of it is awful! To save you some time and trouble we have gathered together some of the better and, in some cases more academic, sites that should help you get to grips with the subject matter. We will be updating our webliography for you as we find more!

Early Humans

General Resources

Archaeology Data Service – The Archaeology Data Service based at the University of York has a searchable database where you can find sites from all periods in your area. You can also find a free pamphlet on burial in prehistory.

British Archaeology – The Council for British Archaeology’s bi-monthly magazine with many items about prehistory – recommended.

The Portable Antiquities Scheme – Homepage of the Portable Antiquities Scheme. Includes a searchable database of finds recorded here. Useful to find local material from all periods.

Archaeology at the BBC – Archaeological selections from the BBC archives.

Stone Age Tools – A good example of what a keen amateur archaeologist can do.

The Prehistoric Society – The Society is made up of professionals, amateurs, students and more! Plenty of resources to help you find your way around prehistory.

ScARF – The Scottish Archaeological Research Framework (ScARF). The sites states “It should be seen as a live document that will be constantly updated, edited and improved.” If you want to know anything about Scotland’s past, you’ll probably find it here.

The Culture Grid – Around 3 million items from hundreds of collections on all topics and easily searched!

Derbyshire Archaeological Society – Most, if not all, counties as well as some towns and cities have an archaeological society. We’ve put this one in because its local to us! Have a look on the web for your area.

Ancient Lands is a new site which it says “aims to present archaeological and historical information from sites, museums and research investigations to a global audience using computer-aided reconstructions.” Mostly Orkney sites so far, but looks promising.

Crossrail have recently launched a new website that has 360º views of excavations, artefacts and more which is great! From Roman through medieval and beyond it provides a fascinating look at the major project in London.

Brick to the Past is a great site from Lego! A special team has put together a website and blog which recreates a number of prehistoric and historic sites using the bricks you and children know so well. They include Must Farm (see below), brochs from Caithness, Hadrian’s Wall and even The Peterloo Massacre.

Aerial Archaeology Mapping Explorer This is a great resource from Historic England. It allows you to use the massive catalogue of photographs and more of the archaeology that has been identified, mapped and recorded using aerial photographs and other aerial sources across England. Historic England has made the results of over 30 years of aerial photograph mapping projects freely available online. Use it to explore heritage from ancient settlements to secret Cold War military installations, or to see the complex archaeological landscapes of Hadrian’s Wall, Stonehenge and so much in between.

Neanderthals among mammoths: excavations at Lynford Quarry, Norfolk, UK

Museum Websites

The British Museum – Gateway to a world of world knowledge!

Natural History Museum – Explore the Natural History Museum’s pages on human evolution

National Museum of Wales – The museum has articles, images etc to help teach the Stone Age to Iron Age.

The Archaeology of Childhood is a joint venture between The Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology (MAA), Cambridge and Cambridgeshire County Council’s Historic Environment Team who, with HLF funding, produced an exhibition about the archaeology of childhood.

La Cotte de la St. Brelade 1961-1978

Pre-History

The Ice Age – Clear and concise account of the extent of the last ice age with excellent maps.

PalaeoTHOUGHTS – Blog by Dr Andy Shuttleworth of Liverpool University. Interesting reading on the Palaeolithic on a global scale.

The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe

The Paeleolithic

Ancient Human Occupation of Britain – Website of the project which has been working on . . . early human occupation of Britain. Academic but useful in places.

Boxgrove – An outstanding Palaeolithic site in West Sussex.

Palaeolithic Cave Art and Dating the Cave Art – A report on the Cathole Cave in S Wales and dating the art found there.

Creswell Crags – The museum website with all you need to know about the site! There is also a short piece by one of the research team on the cave art here – Creswell Cave Art

The English Rivers Project – Research on the rivers of ancient Britain – you may be surprised!

Pakefield and Happisburgh – The stories behind the discovery and excavations of some of the oldest evidence of humans in Britain between 700,000 and 800,00 years old!

Cave Art

Art from the Ice Age is more than cave paintings, and the Bradshaw Foundation site has excellent images of some of the earliest human sculpture ever made.

Lascaux  caves in France is perhaps the most famous cave art site in the world, and here is their website. Explore the art!

Palaeolithic Cave Art and Dating the Cave Art – A report on the Cathole Cave in S Wales and dating the art found there.

There is also a short piece on the cave art at – Creswell Cave Art

 

Neanderthals

The Quest for Fire – An interesting blog which discusses the changing image of Neanderthals and other human ancestors over time.

The Rocks Remain – A good blog on the Palaeolithic, Neanderthals and more.

Paviland Cave – A multi-period site which includes of one of the earliest known human burials in Europe.

Pontnewydd Cave – A Neanderthal site dating back 230,000 years.

La Cotte de St Brelade – Recent public lecture on excavations by Dr Matt Pope of UCL. You can also download from iTunes U. 

Prehistoric Britain 2nd Edition

The Mesolithic

Star Carr Fieldwork – Homepage of the project which has told us so much about Mesolithic Britain.

Mesolithic Lifestyles – An excellent piece on the Mesolithic in Scotland.

Mesolithic in Central & Western Scotland is a very readable piece by Dr Nyree Finlay of Glasgow University.

Mesolithic in Western Scotland 

Britain: One Million Years of the Human Story

The Neolithic

Of course no webilography is complete with a mention of possibly the most famous archaeological sites of all!

Stonehenge – The English Heritage website with all you need to know, including up-to-date research!

 

Avebury and Stonehenge – Blog from the National Trust archaeology team.

 

Neolithic Houses – Details of a project which has re-created houses from the time of Stonehenge.

Stones of Stonehenge – Really useful site which has lots of images of all the stones!

 

Stonehenge 100 – has 100 pictures of Stonehenge from the early days of photography.

The Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape – an interactive resource which has research reports from projects in the area. There is also a new site which offers an interactive map to find out more on burial mounds at The Stonehenge Barrow Map.

There’s now a podcast on BBC Sounds featuring Dr Jim Leary and Dr Penny Bickle (who appear in that order!) who talk about the Neolithic, Stonehenge, Durrington Walls and feasting. Part of the Free Thinking series.

National Museum of Scotland has a great collection of Carved Stone Balls which have now been rendered as 3D images by our friend Dr Hugo Anderson-Whymark. If you don’t know what they are Hugo has written a  short blog on them.

Staying in Scotland the Ness of Brodgar site in Orkney has a great website which shows the on-going work there including excavations. There is an animated film out soon made especially for children – check the website for details.

Dorstone Hill – a Neolithic site in Herefordshire which is unique. Ian has been a member of the team for several years, and you can read his blog from a season’s work.

Origins and Revolutions: Human Identity in Earliest Prehistory.

The Bronze Age

Great Orme Mines – The site of a copper mine dated to the Bronze Age, and you can visit it!

Must Farm – A fantastic site near Peterborough which is still being analysed. Huge amount of material found in a settlement built on stilts on the edge of a waterway.

Settling the Earth: The Archaeology of Deep Human History.

The Iron Age

Durotriges Big Dig – Run by the University of Bournemouth this project is examining the transition between the Late Iron Age and the coming of the Romans in southern Britain. If you are aged over 16 you can even take part!

The Broch Project – A broch is an Iron Age period structure built of stone are local to Scotland. This site details a project based in Caithness in the far north.

The Cairns Project – Another Scottish site, this time looking at a project on South Ronaldsay in Orkney.

Celtic Studies Resources – a wide ranging blog that gives useful insights into ‘The Celts’.

History Today – often features Iron Age and/or Roman material including this review of the BBC’s Blood Iron & Sacrifice by Dr Rachel Pope of University of Liverpool.

Settling the Earth: The Archaeology of Deep Human History.

The Romans

The Rural Settlement of Roman Britain - An excellent on-line resource with a searchable database allowing you to find Roman settlements in your area – n.b. not towns!

What did the Romans do for us? From Experimental Archaeologist and Master potter Graham Taylor, is a good explanation about the arrival of the 'potter's wheel' in Britain with the Romans and why it's use was limited before and after them.

Settling the Earth: The Archaeology of Deep Human History.

The Anglo Saxons

Anglo-Saxon Archaeology – Blog of freelance archaeologist David Beard. Focus is on Anglo-Saxons but other periods get a look-in too!

Settling the Earth: The Archaeology of Deep Human History.

The Vikings

Jorvik – The really popular and excellent Jorvik Centre in York. We visited with our children and they were impressed too!

Settling the Earth: The Archaeology of Deep Human History.

The Normans

Bayeux Tapestry - Everything you need to know about the most famous tapestry in the world. Don’t forget, it is coming to the British Museum in 2022.

Settling the Earth: The Archaeology of Deep Human History.

WWII/The Defence of Britain

The Pill Box Study Group is a volunteer led group looking at WW2 Pill Boxes around the country. It has a gazetteer so check if there are any near you.

The Defence of Britain is a project that detailed surviving structures from WW2 and more. The project created searchable databases created from field and documentary work carried out between April 1995 and December 2001. One purpose of the project was to record the 20th century militarised landscape of the United Kingdom.

Settling the Earth: The Archaeology of Deep Human History.

Ancient Egypt

10 little known facts about the ever popular Ancient Egyptians. You may well be surprised!

 

Of course you know about Ancient Egyptian mummies, but they also mummified a range of animals too. There’s a Mummified cat you can see for a start!

We are also interested in the question of how the past is represented, and the Ancient Egyptians are a very popular group we see a great deal of in the media. We’re not the first to think about the Ancient Egyptians – see what Shakespeare said of Cleopatra.